Several vitamins, supplements and herbs have demonstrated effect in some studies on migraine prevention or the reduction of symptoms.
Also other supplements and vitamins have sporadically demonstrated possible effect on migraines.
Stress plays a role in causing a headache or making any headache worse. Certain chemicals are released in the brain when an individual is coping with stress, these chemicals provoke vascular changes that can trigger headaches or make them worse.
Learning relaxation techniques can therefore help manage headaches. Examples of therapies are stress management techniques, breathing techniques, meditation, yoga, …
Maybe you’ve found that strenuous exercise can provoke an attack, which may have led you to identify exercise as a trigger. But research shows that regular exercise (30 min, 3x per week) can be effective in preventing headaches as your body releases natural pain controlling chemicals and natural anti-depressants.
Important to know is that you should start at moderate intensity and plan your exercises. It could be beneficial to keep a diary, recording both your attacks and exercise you have undertaken. This will give you an idea of the effect exercise has had on your headaches.”
Most headaches and migraines involve the trigeminal nerve, neurostimulation of this trigeminal nerve could help reduce the number of migraine attacks. It can be used to both prevent and treat migraine headaches.
Acupuncture is the technique of piercing the body for therapeutic purposes. Some studies have shown that acupuncture helps to reduce the frequency and intensity of chronic headaches. Some physiotherapists also perform dry needling, a different technique that relaxes muscles and may be helpful to some patients.
Please note that there is a range of medications available to treat headaches, thus always consult your physician to help you make informed decisions. Whilst drugs may be necessary to treat your attack, it is also important to find out what may be causing it for the overall management of your migraine.
Acute medication are treatments taken at the onset of a headache attack to reduce symptoms and relieve pain. Examples of acute medication are triptans or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen or other analgesics such as aspirin or paracetamol.
If you are having more than 4 days with headaches a month you may wish to discuss preventive medication with your physician. It is also important to discuss the goal and possible side effects. Examples of preventive medication are beta-blockers, anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) and antidepressants as they have proven efficacy and reduce headaches and associated symptoms. Antidepressants can also help to treat anxiety, sleep disturbances and depression that often accompany chronic headaches. Other examples of preventive medication are:
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Disclaimer: All the information about treatments on this page is purely intended to inform and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider before starting any new treatment or discontinuing an existing treatment.